Meditation is a well known practice popularly known for clearing the mind and reaching high intellectual states. Currently, archeologists and scholars believe the practice dates back about 5,000 years. It was developed in Vedic and Buddhist India and Taoist China with the philosophy of yoga and meditation written out in the Bhagavad Gita. Meditation was introduced to the Western World in the 18th century when the teachings were translated and brought to Western Scholars.